IMPORTANT PROJECT INFORMATION
Frequently Asked Questions
WHAT IS THE PROJECT ABOUT?
The project aims to find out about the lived experiences of online sperm recipients and to shed light on any potential difficulties or challenges they may face from their interactions with sperm donors.
In particular, the research is interested in the way that recipients describe experiences that they have found to be less than positive and the way in which they have navigated any difficult decisions that have arisen as a consequence of those experiences.
The research aims to engage with potential research participants through this website, whilst simultaneously providing an internet platform for recipients of online sperm to share their stories – whatever their experience - with each other.
This forms part of a Masters by Research psychology research project at Leeds Beckett University and may feed into other ongoing research into this area.
WHO CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEBSITE OR PARTICIPATE IN THE INTERVIEW-BASED RESEARCH?
People who are seeking or have sought donor-assisted conception using online connection websites or social media are invited to post their stories on the website. We are also interested in hearing from those who would consider all or part of their interactions with sperm donors to be less than positive and who might be interested in being interviewed as part of the research project.
ARE THERE ANY BENEFITS OR RISKS TO TAKING PART IN THE RESEARCH?
It is hoped that you may benefit from the study on a personal level by having the opportunity to tell your story. This has been shown to have a positive impact on wellbeing and mental health. If you take part in the interview-based research, you will have the opportunity to feedback on the research process and will be invited to review the written record of your interview as part of the ongoing process of telling your story. Broadly speaking, taking part in this research will help to build greater awareness about any potential forms of difficulties or harm that recipients experience.
Taking part in this study is not expected to cause any discomfort or distress, but if such feelings do arise as a consequence of taking part, you can access information on support or advice here.
WHO CAN I CONTACT FOR FURTHER INFORMATION?
If you have any further questions, please feel free to direct any queries via the Contact Box, found here.
HOW WILL THE INFORMATION PROVIDED TO THE WEBSITE BE USED?
The contributions to this website may be used as part of a Masters by Research thesis or subsequent ongoing research undertaken at Leeds Beckett University. This may include the use of anonymized quotations taken from website posts. The website has no fixed end date, but a statement will be placed on the website one month before the website is closed so that users are aware of it in advance. The people who might read the thesis in an official capacity are the project supervisors, other members of the psychology staff and external examiners. Additionally, the information may be published in academic journals, presented at academic conferences, or used for teaching purposes. Although the information may be used for these purposes, you will not be identifiable in any way through these activities. The website will not ask you for any personal information and posts will be moderated to remove any personal or identifying information about the contributor or a third party.
ONCE I HAVE SUBMITTED MY STORY TO THE WEBSITE, CAN I MAKE CHANGES TO IT OR REQUEST THAT IT IS DELETED?
As stories are submitted anonymously, once they have been sent through to our moderators, it Is not possible to request that changes be made or that the post be deleted. This is because we have no way of connecting the identity of the person who wrote the story with the person making the request for changes or removal. All posts will be moderated to remove personal information or abusive content and will be available for public view. The website has no fixed end date but a statement will be placed on the website one month before the website is closed so that users are aware of it in advance.
WILL INFORMATION PROVIDED TO THE WEBSITE BE CONFIDENTIAL?
Information that you provide to the website will be published on the site and will be available for public view. All posts will be moderated in advance to remove any personal or identifying information and abusive content will be removed.
IF I'D LIKE TO 'GET INVOLVED' IN THE RESEARCH, WHAT WILL I BE ASKED TO DO?
Participants will be invited to take part in a one-to-one semi-structured discussion with a researcher at Leeds Beckett University. This means that there will be some predetermined questions but that other questions may arise from what is discussed at the time. For example, you will be asked to describe an experience you had in relation to interactions with sperm donors that you felt was less than positive. On the basis of your answer, additional, more specific questions will be asked.
Some questions may be perceived as being sensitive in nature. For example, ‘Was there any conflict for you in that situation? Why was it a conflict?’ You do not have to respond to any question if you do not wish to.
The interviews are expected to take place in July-August 2019 and can take place in person (if fairly local), over the phone, or on Skype, according to your preference.
Interview conversations will be recorded using a digital recorder to help me create an accurate account of the conversation, but you will be asked in advance if you are happy for this to happen and if so, you will be asked to sign a consent form to give your permission.
The interview is likely to take up to an hour and a half but there is no time limit so it may take longer. You will be free to stop the interview at any time and there will be no negative consequences for doing so.
To say thank you for your time and your contribution to the research, we would like to offer you a £25 voucher for taking part. If you need to pay for childcare during your telephone or Skype conversation, we are able to reimburse you up to £30 for half a day of childcare. If you choose to discuss your experiences in person, we can also refund you up to £10 for travel costs. Please keep any relevant receipts so we can process this for you.
IF I VOLUNTEER TO BE INTERVIEWED BUT DECIDE I NO LONGER WANT TO BE INVOLVED, CAN I CHANGE MY MIND?
Yes. It is up to you to decide whether or not you'd be happy to be interviewed as part of the research. You can stop taking part in the study at any time and/or ask for part or all of your data to be destroyed until Friday 30th August 2019 when the research analysis will begin. You do not need to provide a reason. It is important for you to understand what the research is about and what it will involve. If anything is not clear to you or you would like more information, please submit any questions via the 'Participate in the Research' page.
HOW WILL INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE INTERVIEWS BE USED?
The information collected during interviews with recipients will be used as part of a Masters by Research thesis, undertaken at Leeds Beckett University. This may include the use of anonymized quotations taken from the interview recordings. The audio recordings will be labelled with your chosen pseudonym and kept until the study has been written up and then it will be destroyed. The people who might read this in an official capacity are the project supervisor, other members of the psychology staff and external examiners. Additionally, the information may be published in academic journals, presented at academic conferences or used for teaching purposes. Although the information may be used for these purposes, you will not be identifiable in any way through these activities. Anonymity will be achieved by changing your name or any other identifying information. Once the results of the project have been written up, a short summary of the findings for the study overall will be published on the A.I. Confidential Website and other people will have the opportunity to read this summary and draw their own conclusions. It may be that some people agree with the findings of the research, while other people may disagree. Although this can be somewhat daunting, it is all part of a bigger discussion on what is an important issue. You will be given an opportunity to read through and edit or withdraw the written record of what was said in your discussion, following our meeting. Later, once the finding and interpretations of the research have been written up, you will also have an opportunity to read them and to write down your own views next to them.
WILL INFORMATION PROVIDED IN INTERVIEWS BE CONFIDENTIAL?
All the information you provide in the interviews will be treated in confidence. This means that your name will not be passed on to anyone else and your information will be used solely for the research or teaching purposes of the university. All of your information will be stored securely and only my project supervisor and I will have access to each person’s individual information. The only time that my project supervisors or I would reveal anything to an appropriate authority would be if you divulge information that we feel could potentially put you or another person at serious risk of harm. You will be informed if we need to discuss what you have said with someone else and informed why this is happening. This would be discussed with the project supervisors in the first instance, and then we would decide as a team if this needed to be passed onto an appropriate authority or not.